Saint Barbara / Santa Bárbara

MyP S Barbara.jpg

Title

Saint Barbara / Santa Bárbara

Object Type

Retablo

Creator

Bernardo Miera y Pacheco (1714-1785)

Origin

New Mexico, ca. 1782

Medium

Oil on panel

Identifier

2000.049

Acquisition Method

Gift of Gerald P. Peters and Kathleen K. Peters

Provenance

Private collection, Belen, NM

Comments

One of the few artists mentioned by name in colonial New Mexican documents, Bernardo Miera y Pacheco is the earliest artist in the region to whom works have been attributed. Born in Burgos, Spain, he was living in New Mexico by 1756 and was buried in Santa Fe in 1785. An accomplished self-taught artist working in a provincial Baroque style, he is credited with introducing the distinctive estípite column to New Mexico. He was also a skilled cartographer, trained in the Spanish Royal Corps of Military Engineers. He created some of the earliest and most reliable imagery of the US Southwest, and his maps included commentary and drawings of the native inhabitants of the region.

Contributor

Photo by Addison Doty
RFg

References

Donna Pierce and Marta Weigle, eds. Spanish New Mexico: the Spanish Colonial Arts Society Collection. Santa Fe: the Spanish Colonial Arts Society, 1996.
Josef Díaz, ed. The Art and Legacy of Bernardo Miera y Pacheco: New Spain's Esplorer, Cartographer, and Artist. Santa Fe: Museum of New Mexico Press, 2013.

Collection

Citation

Bernardo Miera y Pacheco (1714-1785), “Saint Barbara / Santa Bárbara,” Museum of Spanish Colonial Art Collections, accessed December 11, 2017, http://collections.spanishcolonial.org/items/show/2945.